What is an ultrasound examination?

How to do ultrasound examination (abdominal) (January 2019).

Anonim

In an ultrasound scan, high-frequency sound waves are sent through the uterus. These are reflected by the baby, and the returning echo is translated by a computer into an image that shows the baby's position and movements. The sound waves show up as gradations of different shades of gray; the firmer the fabric, the brighter it will appear in the picture. As a result, bones appear white and softer tissues appear gray or spotted, while fluids such as amniotic fluid appear black. It is this contrast between the different white, gray and black tones that allows your doctor to interpret the images correctly.

Most parents are looking forward to the ultrasound examinations, as they allow them to take a look at their baby. You may be allowed to keep a printout of the ultrasound image as a reminder, but some hospitals and doctors charge for it. However, you should not forget that ultrasound scans are not there to provide you with a picture album or betray your baby's gender. These are wonderful side effects, but the main thing is to see if your baby is fine and healthy.

Who does the ultrasound?

Usually, these examinations are performed by your gynecologist. Special examinations are performed by gynecologists with special experience, training and particularly good technical equipment. These include, for example, 3D and 4D ultrasound scans, which allow you to see your baby much more accurately. But these are individual health services that are not paid by the health insurance companies. Just ask at your next check-up.

Why is the ultrasound scan done?

Depending on which pregnancy trimester the examination is taking, your doctor may want to know if …

  • is beating your baby's heart.
  • You expect a child or several children.
  • Complications such as a deep-seated placenta exist.
  • there are indications of a developmental disorder.
  • your baby's organs develop well.
In addition, your doctor can tell you through the exam …
  • exactly what pregnancy week you are in (this is what your doctor will tell you about the baby's size).
  • how much amniotic fluid you have and where the placenta is.
  • if your baby is growing well.
  • which could be the reason for any bleeding that may occur.
  • Because ultrasound can detect the exact location of the baby and the placenta, doctors also use it as a complement to prenatal testing such as chorionic villus sampling or amniocentesis.

    Do I get my baby's gender through the ultrasound scan?

    Generally speaking, your doctor will be able to recognize the gender on the ultrasound image as of pregnancy week 16 - unless your baby has turned into an unfavorable position. In some clinics it is customary not to tell the women the gender of the baby because the information is never 100% sure. Your doctor will ask you if you want to know the gender of your baby, however: Absolute certainty you will have only after the birth. So many baby, who was considered a boy in the ultrasound, but was still a girl!

    How is the examination performed?

    During an ultrasound scan, your doctor will rub a (usually cool) gel on your stomach and then move an ultrasound probe over your skin that will emit the sound waves for the ultrasound image.

    To get a better picture, your doctor may use what is known as a vaginal probe during the first ultrasound scan between the 9th and 12th week of pregnancy. This is a long, narrow ultrasound head inserted into your vagina. Your doctor will provide the transducer with condom-like protection and plenty of gel to help it slide in more easily. Since the vaginal probe does not have to be inserted very far, it does not hurt you or your baby in any way.

    Does an ultrasound scan hurt?

    No, a normal ultrasound scan does not cause pain.

    One benefit of having a vaginal probe exam is that it is performed after you are prompted to empty your bladder. Therefore, many women find this examination more comfortable than when the ultrasound probe presses on the abdomen. Maybe the procedure is a bit embarrassing for you, but keep in mind: Your doctor will do such examinations every day. When you and your muscles relax, the vaginal probe slides in easily and it will not be in the least unpleasant for you.

    When are the examinations normally performed?

    Under the Maternity Guidelines, your gynecologist will offer you three basic ultrasound scans - one in each trimester:
    • 1. Basic ultrasound: SSW 9 to 12 (or 10th to 13th week)
    • 2. Basic ultrasound examination: SSW 19 to 22 (or even 20th to 23rd week)
    • 3. Basic ultrasound: Weeks 29 to 32 (or 30th to 33rd weeks)

    Depending on whether you have particular difficulties, problems or risks in your pregnancy, or if you may experience pain or bleeding, it may be that your Physician / doctor offers you further ultrasound examinations.

    Do I have to get an ultrasound?

    No, you do not have to do this investigation. Before the first examination your doctor will give you a leaflet about ultrasound examinations and inform you about the advantages and disadvantages of the examination.

    The ultrasound gives you useful and reliable information about your pregnancy, which most women find interesting and reassuring. On the other hand, an ultrasound is not always error-free or does not show everything exactly. Especially when something seems unusual, it can make you unsure or even frighten.

    Before the exam, think about what you want to know and what you do not. It's not just about being a boy or a girl. An ultrasound examination belongs to the prenatal diagnostics. So if you prefer not to know if your doctor suspects a developmental disorder, then you should discuss this with him / her and eventually sign a statement that releases your gynecologist from his / her duty to inform.

    If you decide against an ultrasound scan, you will not incur any disadvantages in prenatal care. Ultimately, the decision for or against an ultrasound examination is up to you alone.

    What happens if the investigation indicates problems?

    Of course you'll be worried if the ultrasound makes it look as if your baby does not seem all right. The scale of findings ranges from minor irregularities to serious problems.

    In ultrasound you can see some diseases such as spina bifida (open back) very clearly. But on the other hand, the ultrasound in other diseases such as the Down syndrome can only provide clues - a deviation from the norm does not have to be synonymous with bad news. This can only be shown by further examinations, such as amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling, in which the baby's chromosomes are tested to gain secure knowledge.

    If your baby has a serious health problem in the worst and luckily unlikely case, you should take the time to make a well-informed decision. Do not hesitate to ask for help. You may want to stop the pregnancy or you may want to prepare for the birth of a baby who needs intensive care.

    In rare cases, the unborn baby must be operated in the abdomen (for example, in the case of a heart defect). If you are faced with such a difficult decision, there are organizations that can help and advise you, such as:

    • www. caritas. de or
    • www. ProFamilia. DE

    Is ultrasound harmless?

    Ultrasound has been used during pregnancy for more than 30 years without any side effects.However, experts agree that ultrasound scans should not be performed without a valid medical reason. In addition, the dose should be kept as low as possible, so be just as long as needed for a diagnosis.

    Not dangerous, but worth considering are the consequences that an unclear or unpleasant result of an ultrasound examination can have on you psychologically. Aside from any further examinations, it can be very distressing and confusing the knowledge that something is wrong or that your baby is not feeling well. You may have to make a difficult decision. You should always keep that in mind when choosing an ultrasound scan.

    Popular Posts

    Recommended 2019

    03 Weeks pregnant
    Pregnancy

    03 Weeks pregnant

    in this week of pregnancy happens in your body a lot. Your baby is a small ball of a few hundred cells that divide countless times. Soon, the cell-ball attaches to the wall of the uterus. The placenta begins to produce the pregnancy hormone human chorionic gonadotropin, short hCG. This hormone sends a message to the ovaries to stop ripening eggs because you are pregnant.
    Read More
    Screening for infants (U7 and U7a)
    Toddler

    Screening for infants (U7 and U7a)

    If your child is beyond the baby's age and has completed his first six U examinations, the gaps between the free early detection examinations will increase , In infants they are at annual intervals, in older children, the check-ups are even further apart. Although it can easily make you ""sweat"" the appointment
    Read More
    Good sleep habits from 18 to 24 months
    Toddler

    Good sleep habits from 18 to 24 months

    Normal Sleep Your child should now sleep and sleep for about 10 to 12 hours at night to take a nap of about two hours. Some kids even take two naps a day until their second birthday - if yours is one of them, let them do it. How to Help Your Child Fall asleep At this age, some of the best ways to get your child to sleep and fall asleep are the following
    Read More
    Milestones: 31 to 36 months
    Toddler

    Milestones: 31 to 36 months

    Here is an overview of the key infant development milestones between 31 months and the 3rd birthday. But keep in mind: every child is unique in its development and develops the skills at its own pace. Some things may therefore be stated earlier than here, others perhaps later. We can only tell you what happens on average.
    Read More
    Months 35 & 36
    Toddler

    Months 35 & 36

    Milestones When your child turns three, it can probably be a t Wear the shirt, paint a vertical line and stand on one leg for a second or more. Maybe your little one can even make a bowl of cereal by himself. Your child runs and jumps without difficulty Many of the basic types of motion have now become flesh and blood to your child.
    Read More
    Most popular first names in Germany 2008
    Pregnancy

    Most popular first names in Germany 2008

    The top ten first names for boys and girls in 2008 The maiden names have been rounding the name Marie for several years after Sofie / Sophie's popularity. New is Mia in the top ten. In the boy names Leon had to clear the top again for Maximilian and Alexander. Tim is back in the list of favorite names.
    Read More
    Milestones: buttons
    Baby

    Milestones: buttons

    the sense of touch is the most important thing in your child's life before Everything in the first weeks of life. Touch plays a crucial role in bonding between you and your baby. In addition, thanks to this ability, it can explore its environment, connect with it, and communicate its needs ... When does my baby's sense of touch develop?
    Read More
    What is a defiance reaction?
    Toddler

    What is a defiance reaction?

    Where does a tantrum come from? Not every expression of anger or defiance equals a tantrum. Infants tear themselves, stomp their feet on the floor or get so stiff that you can not get them in the buggy - and yet have no tantrum or Koller. A real tantrum is even more special: it happens when your child emotionally blows a fuse.
    Read More