Sunburn and sunscreen

Sunban Forte Cream - Sunscreen SPF50 (September 2018).

My child has a sunburn. How can I treat him?

Give your child plenty to drink to compensate for the loss of fluid from the sun. To relieve the sunburn yourself, put a cotton cloth in cool water, wring it out and gently place it on the affected area for a quarter of an hour. Repeat this several times a day, but make sure it does not make your child feel cold. Compresses with buttermilk, quark or chamomile tea also have a cooling and soothing effect on the skin. Your baby may also take a cold bath, but then without soapy bath products. Or you dab (do not rub!) A moisturizing water-based cream or gel, for example, with aloe vera. Make sure that the cream contains no alcohol, because it dries out the skin and burns. Homeopathically, you can either apply Calendumed gel or give Belladonna beads.

Put on your child's loose-fitting, light-weight clothing that does not scratch. Keep your little one away from the sun until the skin is completely healed - because that's how long the risk of a renewed sunburn is particularly high.

A few things you should definitely avoid:

Do not use oils or greasy creams for skin treatment, as these prevent the child from sweating and the heat can not escape from the body. Instead, it can make burning worse.

  • Do not use ice cubes to cool, they will damage the skin (frostbite!).
  • Do not press or prick fire blisters. They have been created to protect the lower layers of the skin and, when opened, can cause infection. If the blisters open by themselves, the skin underneath is usually already healed, albeit still very sensitive.
  • Why is a sunburn questionable?

A sunburn is an acute inflammation, it's literally a burn. Your child may only experience a first degree burn, which means that the skin becomes red, slightly swelling and hurts. A second degree burn is worse in every way: the redness, the pain, the swelling are more severe and the skin can blister.

First degree burns usually heal within two to five days, second degree burns take several weeks to heal. In this case, you should also go to the pediatrician with your child - infrequently a hospital stay may be necessary.

In addition, your child may get heat stroke if it's been too long in the sun.

Even worse, however, may be the after-effects of a sunburn. Even the first bad sunburn can be a trigger for diseases in adulthood. For example, scientific studies have shown that many skin cancers were exposed to the sun in their early years. Although sunburn does not automatically cause skin cancer, the skin ""stores"" this injury and the cell structure may change.

Do I have to worry about skin damage?

Unfortunately yes. About 80 percent of the sun's radiation in life is absorbed during the first 20 years. Exposing yourself to the sun's UV light is the main cause of skin cancer of all kinds.

Some studies suggest that childhood sunburn causes malignant melanoma - the most insidious form of skin cancer. The first years of life up to the age of 12 years are crucial. An Australian study suggests that four out of five skin cancers are preventable if treated appropriately.

Blond, fair-skinned, freckled and green-eyed or blue-eyed children are at the highest risk of sun damage and cancer, but the radiation is dangerous to anyone.

When should I go to the doctor?

If it's just a mild sunburn and your child's skin is reddened and sensitive, then you do not need to go to the doctor. But if your child has any of the following symptoms, a doctor's visit is required:

Blisters on the skin within the first 24 hours

  • Hands or face swell
  • Signs of infection (pus or red welts)
  • Fever
  • Extreme pain or discomfort
  • Nausea, vomiting or fainting
  • The sunburn can get worse for a day or two, so be wary of these symptoms for at least that long.

What if the skin peels?

Do not worry if your child's skin peels after a sunburn. This is a normal part of the healing process and starts a few days after the sunburn.

How can I protect my child from sunburn?

That's not hard, but you have to be very careful. In a child, there is a risk of sunburn after just 5 to 10 minutes in the direct sun - in adults, it takes an average of 10 to 15 minutes. Infants should therefore be exposed as little as possible to the direct sun, but stay in the shade.

The best thing to do on a sunny day is to keep your child dressed for a long, light-weathered, sun-tight clothing. Suitable clothing is:

sunhat (no baseball cap that does not protect the neck!),

  • long, skinny pants
  • long-sleeved, wide-sleeved T-shirt
  • shoes or baby socks
  • a pair of sunglasses Your child voluntarily keeps them
  • For kids, there are special clothes to buy with UV protection.This so-called UV protection factor for baby clothes should be around 30.

Never underestimate the power of the sun: it can be dangerously strong even in spring and autumn, and even in cloudy conditions, 80% of UV radiation still works. Especially in the midday heat between 11 and 15 o'clock, when the sunshine is most intense, you should leave your child in the house or at least in the shade.

Remember that you need to protect your child not only on the beach during their summer vacation, but also when playing in the sandbox, family picnic or a visit to the zoo.

Be a good role model for your child: your child is more likely to protect himself from the sun when he sees that mom and dad are doing it too. Protect yourself by wearing appropriate clothing and do not sunbathe extensively while keeping your child in the shade. Childhood also lays the foundation for rational behavior in later life: if your child now learns how important a good sunscreen is and sticks to it, it will most likely continue to do so later.

Where you can not protect the skin with clothing, you should carefully cream your child with sunscreen (at least SPF 20). When buying the sunscreen, make sure that it is suitable for small children, adult products contain much more additives and may contain allergy-causing substances, hormones and chemical filters that are not suitable for sensitive children's skin. Alcohol-based products or gels can dry out the skin.

When using sunscreen, consider the following:

Cream your child about 15 to 30 minutes before leaving home. So the agent can develop its full protection.

  • Cream thoroughly and carefully, do not forget the ears, the eye area and - if the child is barefoot - the soles of the feet.
  • Much helps a lot. Do not be frugal when applying.
  • Repeat the creaming regularly. This will help protect you, but it will not extend the time your child can stay in the sun.
  • Make sure to re-cream your baby after bathing, even if you use a waterproof sunscreen.
  • Sources

WHO: radiation, Factsheet, July 2001,

// www. who. int / mediacentre / factsheets / fs261 / en / [as of June 2015]

Tamburlini, G.; of Ehrenstein, O .; Bertolini, R. (ed.): Childrens Health and Environment: A Review of Evidence, Environmental Issue Report, European Environment Agency, No. 29, Luxembourg 2002.

// www. Euro. who. int / document / e75518. pdf [June 2015]

Deutsche Krebshilfe (Hrsg.): ""Tips for sun protection for kindergartners & elementary school students""

// www. cancer help. de / we-informed / about prevention-frueherk / young-people / sunscreen / tips-for-sonnenschutz1.html? L = 0 [as of June 2015]

Federal Accident Insurance Association (Hrsg.): ""GUV-SI 8080 Sun Fun and Sun Protection for Children and Adolescents"", May 2007 issue, Munich 2007.

// www. uk-bund. de / downloads / brochures / DGUV Transferliste_Vorschriften_Brosch% C3% BCren. pdf [June 2015]

Working Group Dermatological Prevention (ADP) e. V.

on the Internet at: // www. our skin. de / en / sun / child - sun. php [June 2015]

Show sources Hide sources

Popular Posts

Recommended, 2018

Boy names with O - most popular first names with O
Pregnancy

Boy names with O - most popular first names with O

are you looking for a name for your unborn child and you know it's going to be a boy? Or you want to be surprised and are looking for a girl and a boy's name? Maybe you are just a fan of boy names with O? Then take a look at our list of most popular first names for boys starting with the letter O. Of course
Read More
Premature labor and premature birth
Pregnancy

Premature labor and premature birth

What is premature birth? If you've made the 37th week of pregnancy, then your baby is ""ready"" for delivery. Babies who are born before the end of the 37th week of pregnancy are considered to be immature. Most preemies are born after the 32nd week (HES online 2012a) and have a good chance of growing up healthy.
Read More
Buy a Tricycle - Tips for Parents
Toddler

Buy a Tricycle - Tips for Parents

A children's tricycle is - considering the development of the skills of your child - virtually the link between ride-on car and bike. Tricycles are suitable for children between one and four years. A tricycle encourages motor skills and places more coordination requirements than a push-car. Your child needs strength to pedal
Read More
Your little chef
Toddler

Your little chef

Could your child be the next Sarah Wiener be? Promote your child's culinary skills in a fantasy kitchen. Good for this age: 22 months (but younger or older kids will love it too!) Good for developing the following skills: Imagination, Fine and Gross Motor, Imitation You Need: A few pots
Read More
Walking epidural
Pregnancy

Walking epidural

What is a Walking Epidural? This method, which is widely used mainly in the USA, is practically a standardized low-dose epidural anesthetic. The pain is very well alleviated, but you keep some feeling in your legs. All Epidural Anesthesia Hospitals can also offer Walking Epidural. Before you can leave the bed and walk around with your epidural anesthetic
Read More
What is a reboarder and what are its benefits?
Baby

What is a reboarder and what are its benefits?

A Reboarder is a Car Seat, which is installed so that your child is sitting in the direction of travel when driving. This reversing duty is currently in Germany for children up to a weight of 9 kg. That is why baby bowls can usually only be installed backwards. For a baby or toddler, rear-facing driving is the safest way to travel because
Read More
Iron: so good for your blood during pregnancy
Pregnancy

Iron: so good for your blood during pregnancy

Why do I need iron? Iron is important for the formation of hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that transports oxygen to the other cells. It is also an important component of myoglobin (a protein that helps oxygenate your muscles), collagen (a protein in the bones, cartilage and other connective tissue) and many enzymes.
Read More
Buying a mattress for the baby bed
Baby

Buying a mattress for the baby bed

There is a wide selection of mattresses for baby cots. You can choose between foam, coconut or latex. But which mattress is the best and safest for your baby? In fact, The Foundation for the Study of Infant Deaths says it does not matter what kind of mattress you use, as long as it's firm and not soft
Read More