Milestones of development: learning responsibility

How will my child develop personal responsibility?

As your child grows older, it will learn - and ask - to take more things into their own hands, from brushing their teeth to helping them in the home. This is an important step in the personal and social development of your child, even if you may be mixed with the whole.

Skills Developed by a Kindergartner

Eating with a Spoon and a Fork

If your kindergarten child is about four years old, learning how to hold a fork and spoon like an adult can help. With some support, it can also start to use a knife at the table. And it learns the table manners. This includes: sitting at the table, even when it is already finished with the food, listening to the other, instead of focusing on themselves.

Dressing and undressing

Kindergarten children should be able to dress and undress on their own without major problems. Zippers, buttons, hooks and eyelets may be a bit difficult - most kindergartners can solve them, but still need help closing them. Velcro fasteners, on the other hand, are easy to handle. Many kindergarten children can put on their own shoes if they are closed with Velcro. The older the children get, the less easily parents should do it. At the end of kindergarten, children can learn to tie a bow.

Brushing Your Teeth

Children between three and four years can usually brush their teeth by themselves, but still need help and supervision. It already takes a lot of coordination to hold the toothbrush and also move it to really clean it. But let your child have the freedom to do so: It will feel grown-up, which helps to develop a positive relationship with toothbrushing that lasts a lifetime.

Pay attention to the amount of toothpaste: It should only be a pea-sized piece, because children swallow a lot of toothpaste and too much fluoride is unhealthy.

Using the Toilet

Again, there is a lot going on between the third and fourth birthday. As a toddler your child may have used a potty, now as a kindergartner, it should be able to use the toilet both at home and on the go. If your child has now been able to get by without a diaper during the day, it will probably also develop the ability to stay dry at night. However, this may still take some time for some children: 10% of seven-year-olds go to bed at night - boys much more often than girls.

Preparing breakfast

If you offer your child cereal or oatmeal for breakfast, it can help a lot at an early age: even three-year-olds can fill their bowls with a bowl and pour some milk over them. Even if it is smashed: In the long run, it is worth the deal to endure. If there are sandwiches or bread rolls for breakfast at home, your child may be able to help with the documentation but needs your help a little longer.

Helping in the Household

Kindergarten children can help clean up by putting away their toys (even if they often do not do it at home: in kindergarten, this works extremely well). Four-year-olds could try to make their bed. Likewise, they can help you and your partner with simple handouts in the kitchen and garden. Some kindergartners love to stir the dough or water the lawn. All children grow with the feeling of being important and needed. Encouragement and praise (""How good you help me! What should I do without you?"") Encourage the desire to help. Rituals also help when small household chores are to be practiced.

How can I support my child?

Motivation is the key to success. If your child is testing a new ability at kindergarten age, tell him how you feel about it - regardless of the outcome. Challenge your child to try again, and do not jump in with help: it is important for your child to learn to master a task on their own, at their own pace. Try not to build up time pressure. And stay patient. If your child is having breakfast, you will have to put up with some spilled cereal, and bedding is not about perfection.

Keep a close eye on your child when they start trying new things. Explain to him why it is not allowed to do it all by itself, like operating the stove or using a sharp knife.

What should I watch out for?

All children learn differently, some faster than others. But if your child refuses to complete the above tasks or is not interested in trying them out, talk to your pediatrician.

How is the development going?

Your child will become more and more independent. It will eventually tie the shoes, take a shower alone - and then it is only a matter of time until it can do the laundry, cook or go alone to football training - enjoy the time until then!

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