Insect bites and their treatment

Ouch, What Bit Me? How to Identify Common Bug Bites and What To Do About It (February 2019).

Anonim

My child was stung by an insect. Should I be worried?

An insect sting in children is not uncommon, because there are many pests in Germany that can sting.

Venomous Venomous Spear:

  • Bee
  • Bumblebee
  • Wasp
  • Hornets
Bloodsucking Insects:
  • Mosquitoes
  • Brakes
  • Fleas
  • Head Lice
  • Animal Lice
  • biting midges
  • bed bugs
  • some types of flies

Ticks are also bloodsuckers, but are not biologically insects but arachnids.

Depending on the cause of the sting, your child may experience painful redness and swelling around the puncture that itches or blurs. You can treat this yourself and usually the swelling disappears within a few days.

Some insect bites are worse than others, a brake bite does not heal as fast as a mosquito bite. Most attention must be paid to a sting by an insect with venomous sting. As a result of a bee or wasp sting, your child may experience an anaphylactic shock that can be fatal (CKS 2007). Call the ambulance immediately if your child has ever had an allergic reaction after a bite (swelling over two joints, massive redness), and you observe one of the following symptoms in your child within the next few minutes or hours after biting:

  • Wheezing or other breathing problems
  • swelling of the lips, tongue, mouth or throat
  • accelerated heartbeat
  • cold or damp skin
  • dizziness or fainting
  • vomiting or nausea
  • chilliness or heat
  • Wheal Whole Body

(NHS Direct 2008, Faber et al 2007)

While waiting for help, put your baby in shock and store the body part with the groove as deep as possible Heart lies. Calm your child and cover it warmly.

Give your child sucking ice cubes to prevent the throat and larynx from swelling and obstructing breathing (Faber et al 2007).

How can I treat a sting if my child does not respond allergic?

The best way to remove a bee sting from the skin is by the experts. Some recommend removing it with tweezers to prevent infection (Faber et al 2007). Other experts recommend scratching out the spike with the sharp edge of a credit card or identity card to avoid putting more poison into the body (CKS 2007).The fact is: the faster you remove the sting, the less poison enters the body and the less itches and hurts. Then wash the affected area carefully with soap and water.

You can treat a wasp sting as well as a mosquito bite:

  • You can soften the swelling and itching with an ice or cold compress. For example, wrap a few ice cubes in a towel and press on the spot - even a cold-damp cloth will do its job. (CKS 2007)
  • You can also apply a pain medicated ointment or antihistamine cream locally. (Beck 2006)
  • Mosquito bites can be treated well with a so-called spike healer. By heat, the ""poison"" injected by the mosquito is denatured, then nothing is itchy anymore.
  • If your child has severe pain, then you can also give him a painkiller. Follow child-friendly products such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen and follow the dosing instructions. (CKS 2007)
  • In order to relieve the swelling and itching, you can buy yellow rivanol ointment in the pharmacy (attention, it colors!). Spread over the affected area and spread a cool, damp cover over it. You do that three times a day. (Faber et al)
  • Homeopathic should be the drug of choice Ledum. Apis can help with bee and wasp stings and when an allergic reaction occurs. Dab arnica tincture on the affected area. (Beck 2006, Faber et al 2007)

And here are a few well-tried home remedies:

  • Rub some spit on the sting - it has been scientifically proven that a certain substance in human saliva at least temporarily relieves the itching (Wisner 2006)
  • Halve an onion and squeeze the juice onto the affected area (Beck 2006).
  • Fresh ribwort (also called kingwort or snake tongue) and common sage may help. Tear off a sheet, rub it between your fingers and press it in place. Do this several times in succession. (Beck 2006)
  • Moist and cool pads and wraps of clay and vinegar soften the itching. (Faber et al 2007)
  • Camphor and Mentholl solutions cool the affected area, relieve itching and soothe the skin. (Faber et al 2007)
  • Clove oil relieves the itching and has an anti-inflammatory effect. (Faber et al 2007)

Can an insect bite ignite?

A sting, whether from a bee or a mosquito, can be inflamed by bacterial transmission if your child is scratching it too hard. Keep an eye on whether the puncture site is reddening, the swelling gets hard, or your child is getting a fever. If you suspect an infection, you should go to the doctor with your child, who may then prescribe antibiotics.

Very rarely, an insect bite in our latitudes can cause a serious viral disease.These exceptions include encephalitis (swelling in the brain) (CKS 2007). If your child is confused or apathetic, has a fever, or has a stiff neck, you should play it safe and bring it to the emergency room.

We want to travel abroad, do I have to worry about insect bites?

In some countries, biting flies, mosquitoes, fleas and other insects transmit serious diseases such as malaria and yellow fever. Three months before your vacation, you should ask a travel physician which vaccines or preventive care you and your family need for protection. And do not forget to pack insect repellent.

How can I protect my child from insect bites?

Most insects are attracted by the body odor and sweat. This can be counteracted with insect sprays and lotions for the skin (repellents). Most repellents work well, but are not fully suitable for children under 2 years. The oldest synthetic mosquito repellent is diethyltoluamide (DEET), but newer remedies such as Bayrepel (in most Autan products) are not safe for children under two years of age. You should therefore use chemical insect repellent sparingly, not over a large area and only in the lowest concentration dose (10%) Höger. Products containing DEET should only be applied to your child once a day (if it is older than two years, up to three times a day), do not rub on wounds or sunburns, and not on the palm of your hand, otherwise there is a risk of Your child licks the cream (Hoop 2005).

If you spray the insect repellent on your clothing, skin contact and evaporation will be less, however, the agent may attack the fabric and ruin your clothes. You should try this before. Products with DEET should not be applied to synthetic fibers. Bayrepel does not have this problem. (Hoop 2005)

Insect repulsion by acoustic signals and the ingestion of vitamin B complexes have been shown to be ineffective in studies. Vegetable insect repellents for the skin, such as citronella and eucalyptus oil, work, but do not last long (less than half an hour) (Wichmann 2005). Other essential oils that mosquitoes can prevent are carnation and lavender (Faber et al 2007).

Make sure your child wears light, long-sleeved clothing, long pants, socks, and shoes when they're having a picnic or walking on open fields and through the woods. Bright clothes are less attractive to insects than dark ones (Hoop 2005).

Bees and wasps like to frolic in places where they find food. Avoid places like flowering meadows and flower beds, bakery stands and trash cans. Always keep your food and drinks out in the open and make sure your child never drinks unattended from a jar or jar - wasps can catch them too fast and then feel threatened.(Faber et al 2007)

In the house, you can put a protective grille on the windows or insect net over the cot, being careful not to get your child entangled in the net. Make sure your pets are free of flea. Beck, T.: ""The Child in Naturopathic Practice,"" Elsevier, Urban & Fischer Verlag, Munich, 2006.

CKS 2007. Clinical Knowledge Summaries, Topic Review. ""Insect bites and stings. "" www. cks. library. nhs. uk [as of March 2009]

Faber et al 2007. Faber S., Marzi C., Meyer EA: ""Treating the Trias manual correctly: proven aids from school and natural medicine - proven aids from school and natural medicine; Blick - Medizinwissen zur Nachschlagen "", Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart, 2007.

Höger 2007. Höger, P. H:"" Pediatric Dermatology: Differential Diagnosis and Therapy in Children and Adolescents "", 2nd edition, Schattauer Verlag, Stuttgart, New York, 2007

Hoop 2005. Hoop R., Stocker, S., Walser K.: ""Repellents"" in

Paeditrica

Vol. 16/3, 2005. NHS Direct 2008. ""Bites, insect."" NHS Direct, Health Encyclopaedia. www. nhsdirect. nhs. uk [as of May 2008] Wichmann, O.: ""Malaria prophylaxis"" in brown, Rüdiger W. et al (ed.): Travel and tropical medicine. Schattauer Verlag, 2005. S178

Wisner 2006. Wisner, A. et al. : ""Human Opiorphin, a natural antinociceptive modulator of opioid-dependent pathways"" Published online before print November 13, 2006 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 10th 1073 / pnas. 0605865103

www. PNAS. org

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