What to Expect at This AgeA 3- to 4-year-old child may be due to He does not always pay attention to his development or take on greater responsibility for others in the family, not to mention in society - even though it certainly knows by now that it is not the center of the universe!
It can not do any housework yet and not alone can fulfill its own everyday needs. Still, it wants to be just as hardworking and important as you.
See it positively if your child does not leave your side while you're doing something. His desire to help is the basis for responsible action as a teenager and adult.
What You Can Do to Promote Responsible ActionChoose Age-appropriate Tasks
Tasks that are too difficult will only frustrate a 3- to 4-year-old child.
The general demand to ""clean up your room"" will intimidate it - after all, this task can even overwhelm some adults. ""Put all the building blocks in this box"", on the other hand, is concrete and comprehensible. You will be amazed at how much pride and self-confidence kindergartners can develop once they have completed such a mission.
Showing and Explaining
The best (but perhaps the hardest) way to convey a sense of responsibility is to be a good role model. Hang your car keys on the key board instead of just laying them on the table and stack the magazines in the basket instead of letting them lie on the sofa. And if you give your child a task of their own, you show exactly how to do it.
Just saying, ""Time to set the table"" is not helpful - do it and explain. ""Look, I'll put a plate in every place and the napkins will come over here. Do you want to help me with this? ""If you think an explanation would cost you too much time, then the task may be too difficult for a small child.
First the Duty …
Your kindergartner is old enough to learn that the job must be done before the pleasure. It will understand this order when you say, ""Yes, I'll go to the playground with you. But first we have to clear the dining table. ""Stay friendly and calmly admit that you, too, prefer to play rather than work - then your child will understand that this is not about a question of power, but that you expect him to behave in a way that you too obey.
Make Work a Pleasure
We all prefer to work when we have fun and company. Your kindergartner will be happy to spend time with you, and do not consider emptying the clothes dryer as work - it can be fun to take out the warm, loose clothes and put them in a basket. Dance together while dusting or make the cleaning of the blocks as a competition.
Make Tasks a Routine
Your child will learn to take on tasks sooner if you start a routine early. Teach him to put his dirty clothes in the laundry basket and to put his swimming animals on the edge of the pool after bathing. It will learn that such tasks are part of the normal life and are not distributed by the adults at their whim.
Explain things in a positive way
Make it clear that your family has a set of rules that everyone follows - but explain it in a friendly, positive way. Instead of threatening (""If you do not, you will not get it""), try it this way: ""If you've done your job, we can try the new game.""
If your child wants a biscuit, answer ""If you sit at the table, you can have a biscuit. ""To say,"" Clean up your toy, I will give you a reward ""is actually just a bribe for something that should be normal behavior. And it can provoke your child to decide that it can get along without reward and therefore does not have to clean up the things.
Give Your Child Room
In order to save time and trouble, one quickly tries to take the child's plate and place it in the dishwasher himself. Try to resist the impulse. Instead, you want to put more emphasis on your child's efforts than on his actual work. The child may not do the tasks perfectly, but criticizing or depriving him of the task will ruin his pleasure in helping.
Small corrections are occasionally allowed, but you should not, for example, clean up after your child has dusted off a shelf and you still see a few dust particles. You should do this secretly so as not to discourage your child. Remember that only practice makes perfect. Try to phrase your requests encouragingly: ""You helped a lot to cover the table. If you keep this up, you can certainly help soon to give the dishwasher. ""
Live With Setbacks
Your kindergarten child can not do everything right, it's part of being a child. But it will be better for you to hear patterns and rhythms. Suppress the anger or disappointment when your child has a bad day. Say calmly and firmly: ""Remember, you always clear the game cars if you do not play with them anymore.""
Positive feedback will help your child understand the importance of their tasks and efforts. Again, be very specific: ""It was a great help that you fed Fredo"" or ""I'm glad you helped me"" instead of just being ""well done"". If it does, mention how the child helped the community or the family: ""Now that you have put the spoons on the table, we can all drink tea. Thanks, you have done well. Let's start. ""