Diaper rash

Diaper Rashes in Babies & Infants (Pediatric Advice) (January 2019).

Anonim

Diaper rash is very common in babies. In that sense, it will surely happen that you eventually open your child's diaper and find that his butt looks sore and red.

How do I recognize diaper rash?

What diaper rash looks like, you'll probably suddenly realize if your baby's skin looks like this in the diaper area: Part of the skin covered with the diaper (probably the genital area, the thigh and thigh wrinkles) turns red and inflamed be. The affected areas can be dry or wet, also shiny and sometimes sublime.

If the initial dermatitis is not treated, it can become worse, for example, yeast infections or bacterial infections.

Yeast infections often occur in association with taking antibiotics. Antibiotics kill off the beneficial bacteria strains in the digestive system. However, these are necessary to maintain the natural balance in the intestinal flora between the various microorganisms.

Dermatitis usually begins with small red spots that can quickly turn into larger red spots. Bacterial infections can lead to fever. The causes of this are usually purulent inflammatory foci.

How is the diaper rash created?

The main cause is wetness in the diaper area. Newborns often urinate and have regular formless bowel movements. Most absorbent baby diapers leave moisture on the delicate baby skin.

baby skin is thin, permeable and has only a small protective barrier from external influences. It is therefore always in contact with moisture, even if you wrap your child regularly. This means that the genital area is permanently exposed to a stimulus milieu. An infant wearing a full diaper too long is therefore at greater risk of developing diaper rash.

Infants who are ill and need to take antibiotics can get diarrhea (a side effect of taking antibiotics) and, in turn, develop a rash in the genital area. Another cause may be a food intolerance of the baby, for example citrus fruits that the nursing mother has eaten.

How can you treat the rash?

You can treat the diaper rash yourself. It usually disappears after three or four days and barely affects your baby.

How to treat diaper dermatitis:

  • The most effective method is regular diaper changing. Try to keep the skin dry and clean.
  • Research has shown that only water is usually insufficient for cleaning. Use a baby skin-specifically tested cleanser and, if you want, a mild, anti-inflammatory skin care cream - but with preservatives! Products without preservatives can pose a risk to the sensitive baby skin, because even after a single use, the bacteria in the packaging multiply gigantically.
  • Try to keep your child out of diapers as often as possible, because fresh air speeds healing. In summer, your baby can play outside or indoors on easy-to-clean floors without diapers. Keep in mind that the rooms are warm enough so your child does not freeze.
  • You can try swapping the diaper brand or cleansing lotion for products that contain no fragrance. This helps if the rash is allergic. Please also pay attention to other ingredients, such as latex, and leave them if necessary.

If your baby still has a reddened butt after four days, these areas may spread and cause worse. Then you should, after consultation with the pediatrician, apply an antifungal (eg anti-fungal ointment, such as Canesten) thinly for a few days.

How can I effectively protect my child from diaper rash?

The best remedy for this type of dermatitis is to keep the skin dry.

To prevent, you can do the following:

  • Change the full diaper as fast as possible.
  • Clean the genital area very carefully after every big business and let the skin dry in the air.
  • Cream your baby's bottom thin with a special protective cream. Do not use talcum powder - the fine dust is easily inhaled. Midwife and baby center expert Simone Uth: ""You can also dab the areas with breast milk and then let them dry.""
  • Do not wrap too tightly. The necessary air circulation would be interrupted. The nappies and clothes of your baby should be breathable, so that the skin gets air at the bottom.
  • When your child begins to consume solid foods, always give him only one new food at a time. Then wait a few days for the next, and see if anything changes. This makes it easier to exclude the allergy as the cause of the rash.

Sources

Baer EL, Davies MW, Easterbrook KJ. 2006. Disposable nappies for napkin dermatitis in infants. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Issue 3. Art. : CD004262. DOI: 10. 1002/14651858. CD004262. pub2. www. cochrane. org [as of May 2009]

CKS. 2008. Clinical topic: Nappy rash. Clinical Knowledge Summaries. cks. library. nhs. uk [as of May 2009]

Kazzi, AA. 2006. Pediatrics, diaper rash. e-medicine. emedicine. Medscape. com [as of May 2009]

Cork, Michael J.(1, 2), Simon Danby (2), Yiannis Vasilopoulos (2), Manar Moustafa (1, 2), Alice MacGowan (2), Jibu Varghese (2), Gordon W. Duff (3), Rachid Tazi-Ahnini (2), Simon J. Ward (2). 1: The Pediatric Dermatology Clinic, Sheffield's Children's Hospital, Sheffiled, UK. 2: The Academic Unit of Biomedical Genetics-Dermatology, School of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK. 3: The School of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK

U Flower-Peytavi (1), MJ Cork (2), J. Faergemann (3), j. Szczapa (4), F. Vanaclocha (5), C. Gelmetti (6): Bathing and cleansing in newborns from day 1 to first year of life: recommendations from a European round table meeting, 2009 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology

1 Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, Berlin, Germany

2 Academic Unit of Biomedical Genetics-Dermatology, The Medical School, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK

3 Department of Dermatology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden

4 Department of Neonatal Infectious Diseases, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland

5 Department of Dermatology, Doce de Octubre Hospital, Madrid, Spain

6 Department of Dermatology, Institute of Dermatology Sciences, ""Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Mangiagalli e Regina Elena"", Milan, Italy

Show sources Hide sources

Popular Posts

Recommended 2019

03 Weeks pregnant
Pregnancy

03 Weeks pregnant

in this week of pregnancy happens in your body a lot. Your baby is a small ball of a few hundred cells that divide countless times. Soon, the cell-ball attaches to the wall of the uterus. The placenta begins to produce the pregnancy hormone human chorionic gonadotropin, short hCG. This hormone sends a message to the ovaries to stop ripening eggs because you are pregnant.
Read More
Screening for infants (U7 and U7a)
Toddler

Screening for infants (U7 and U7a)

If your child is beyond the baby's age and has completed his first six U examinations, the gaps between the free early detection examinations will increase , In infants they are at annual intervals, in older children, the check-ups are even further apart. Although it can easily make you ""sweat"" the appointment
Read More
Good sleep habits from 18 to 24 months
Toddler

Good sleep habits from 18 to 24 months

Normal Sleep Your child should now sleep and sleep for about 10 to 12 hours at night to take a nap of about two hours. Some kids even take two naps a day until their second birthday - if yours is one of them, let them do it. How to Help Your Child Fall asleep At this age, some of the best ways to get your child to sleep and fall asleep are the following
Read More
Milestones: 31 to 36 months
Toddler

Milestones: 31 to 36 months

Here is an overview of the key infant development milestones between 31 months and the 3rd birthday. But keep in mind: every child is unique in its development and develops the skills at its own pace. Some things may therefore be stated earlier than here, others perhaps later. We can only tell you what happens on average.
Read More
Months 35 & 36
Toddler

Months 35 & 36

Milestones When your child turns three, it can probably be a t Wear the shirt, paint a vertical line and stand on one leg for a second or more. Maybe your little one can even make a bowl of cereal by himself. Your child runs and jumps without difficulty Many of the basic types of motion have now become flesh and blood to your child.
Read More
Most popular first names in Germany 2008
Pregnancy

Most popular first names in Germany 2008

The top ten first names for boys and girls in 2008 The maiden names have been rounding the name Marie for several years after Sofie / Sophie's popularity. New is Mia in the top ten. In the boy names Leon had to clear the top again for Maximilian and Alexander. Tim is back in the list of favorite names.
Read More
Milestones: buttons
Baby

Milestones: buttons

the sense of touch is the most important thing in your child's life before Everything in the first weeks of life. Touch plays a crucial role in bonding between you and your baby. In addition, thanks to this ability, it can explore its environment, connect with it, and communicate its needs ... When does my baby's sense of touch develop?
Read More
What is a defiance reaction?
Toddler

What is a defiance reaction?

Where does a tantrum come from? Not every expression of anger or defiance equals a tantrum. Infants tear themselves, stomp their feet on the floor or get so stiff that you can not get them in the buggy - and yet have no tantrum or Koller. A real tantrum is even more special: it happens when your child emotionally blows a fuse.
Read More