Diaper rash

Diaper Rashes in Babies & Infants (Pediatric Advice) (October 2018).

Anonim

Diaper rash is very common in babies. In that sense, it will surely happen that you eventually open your child's diaper and find that his butt looks sore and red.

How do I recognize diaper rash?

What diaper rash looks like, you'll probably suddenly realize if your baby's skin looks like this in the diaper area: Part of the skin covered with the diaper (probably the genital area, the thigh and thigh wrinkles) turns red and inflamed be. The affected areas can be dry or wet, also shiny and sometimes sublime.

If the initial dermatitis is not treated, it can become worse, for example, yeast infections or bacterial infections.

Yeast infections often occur in association with taking antibiotics. Antibiotics kill off the beneficial bacteria strains in the digestive system. However, these are necessary to maintain the natural balance in the intestinal flora between the various microorganisms.

Dermatitis usually begins with small red spots that can quickly turn into larger red spots. Bacterial infections can lead to fever. The causes of this are usually purulent inflammatory foci.

How is the diaper rash created?

The main cause is wetness in the diaper area. Newborns often urinate and have regular formless bowel movements. Most absorbent baby diapers leave moisture on the delicate baby skin.

baby skin is thin, permeable and has only a small protective barrier from external influences. It is therefore always in contact with moisture, even if you wrap your child regularly. This means that the genital area is permanently exposed to a stimulus milieu. An infant wearing a full diaper too long is therefore at greater risk of developing diaper rash.

Infants who are ill and need to take antibiotics can get diarrhea (a side effect of taking antibiotics) and, in turn, develop a rash in the genital area. Another cause may be a food intolerance of the baby, for example citrus fruits that the nursing mother has eaten.

How can you treat the rash?

You can treat the diaper rash yourself. It usually disappears after three or four days and barely affects your baby.

How to treat diaper dermatitis:

  • The most effective method is regular diaper changing. Try to keep the skin dry and clean.
  • Research has shown that only water is usually insufficient for cleaning. Use a baby skin-specifically tested cleanser and, if you want, a mild, anti-inflammatory skin care cream - but with preservatives! Products without preservatives can pose a risk to the sensitive baby skin, because even after a single use, the bacteria in the packaging multiply gigantically.
  • Try to keep your child out of diapers as often as possible, because fresh air speeds healing. In summer, your baby can play outside or indoors on easy-to-clean floors without diapers. Keep in mind that the rooms are warm enough so your child does not freeze.
  • You can try swapping the diaper brand or cleansing lotion for products that contain no fragrance. This helps if the rash is allergic. Please also pay attention to other ingredients, such as latex, and leave them if necessary.

If your baby still has a reddened butt after four days, these areas may spread and cause worse. Then you should, after consultation with the pediatrician, apply an antifungal (eg anti-fungal ointment, such as Canesten) thinly for a few days.

How can I effectively protect my child from diaper rash?

The best remedy for this type of dermatitis is to keep the skin dry.

To prevent, you can do the following:

  • Change the full diaper as fast as possible.
  • Clean the genital area very carefully after every big business and let the skin dry in the air.
  • Cream your baby's bottom thin with a special protective cream. Do not use talcum powder - the fine dust is easily inhaled. Midwife and baby center expert Simone Uth: ""You can also dab the areas with breast milk and then let them dry.""
  • Do not wrap too tightly. The necessary air circulation would be interrupted. The nappies and clothes of your baby should be breathable, so that the skin gets air at the bottom.
  • When your child begins to consume solid foods, always give him only one new food at a time. Then wait a few days for the next, and see if anything changes. This makes it easier to exclude the allergy as the cause of the rash.

Sources

Baer EL, Davies MW, Easterbrook KJ. 2006. Disposable nappies for napkin dermatitis in infants. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Issue 3. Art. : CD004262. DOI: 10. 1002/14651858. CD004262. pub2. www. cochrane. org [as of May 2009]

CKS. 2008. Clinical topic: Nappy rash. Clinical Knowledge Summaries. cks. library. nhs. uk [as of May 2009]

Kazzi, AA. 2006. Pediatrics, diaper rash. e-medicine. emedicine. Medscape. com [as of May 2009]

Cork, Michael J.(1, 2), Simon Danby (2), Yiannis Vasilopoulos (2), Manar Moustafa (1, 2), Alice MacGowan (2), Jibu Varghese (2), Gordon W. Duff (3), Rachid Tazi-Ahnini (2), Simon J. Ward (2). 1: The Pediatric Dermatology Clinic, Sheffield's Children's Hospital, Sheffiled, UK. 2: The Academic Unit of Biomedical Genetics-Dermatology, School of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK. 3: The School of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK

U Flower-Peytavi (1), MJ Cork (2), J. Faergemann (3), j. Szczapa (4), F. Vanaclocha (5), C. Gelmetti (6): Bathing and cleansing in newborns from day 1 to first year of life: recommendations from a European round table meeting, 2009 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology

1 Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, Berlin, Germany

2 Academic Unit of Biomedical Genetics-Dermatology, The Medical School, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK

3 Department of Dermatology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden

4 Department of Neonatal Infectious Diseases, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland

5 Department of Dermatology, Doce de Octubre Hospital, Madrid, Spain

6 Department of Dermatology, Institute of Dermatology Sciences, ""Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Mangiagalli e Regina Elena"", Milan, Italy

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