if you would like to return to work or if you need to work again for financial reasons, inevitably raises the question of good care for your child. In recent years, more and more nurseries have opened their doors - but what exactly is a crib? And how are the little ones there?
How Nurseries Are MadeAlready in the 19th century, the first nurseries existed as ""keepers"" for children whose parents had to work. The focus was on physical care and care, while less attention was paid to pedagogical aspects.
In the GDR, it was considered customary and politically desirable to bring infants and toddlers to nurseries, so that both men and women were available for the labor market. Cribs were regarded as the first stage of the education system. In the West, on the other hand, there was the ideal image of the domestic mother, who devotedly cared for her children all day while her husband worked. It was not until the 1980s that the image of nurseries in West Germany changed. Due to increasing demand, more and more facilities were created for under-three-year-olds.
Everyday life in a crèche
Today crèches are very popular as care facilities for under-three-year-olds. They have an educational mission - that is, in crèches, infants should not only be cared for but also educated and educated.By this is meant that the professionals should support the children in different learning areas - for example, linguistically, motorically, emotionally, socially and cognitively. In everyday life, this means that the professionals, for example, read to children and sing with them to support their linguistic development. Through games of movement, toddlers are physically supported and being with peers with the usual conflicts, but also rules and positive experiences, should train the social skills.
In most cribs, the children experience a change between common ventures - for example, singing in the morning circle, having breakfast at the table - and free play, in which the children are mostly self-employed and if necessary supported by the skilled workers. Depending on the facility, the children are either picked up at lunchtime or they also have their afternoon nap in the facility and stay there until the afternoon.
How many children and how many educators are in a crèche?
The group sizes of cribs are quite different.For example, Bremen has a group size of no more than eight children for 0-3 year-olds, while 12-15 children per group are common in Lower Saxony. Many other states, for example Baden-Württemberg, do not prescribe any group size.If you've been on the subject of ""cribs,"" you may have heard the term ""caregiver."" This describes how many children an educator takes care of. In one group with ten toddlers and two educators, one teacher is responsible for five children, and the caregiver is then 1: 5.
This is another characteristic of the federal states. On average, the care key in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern is 1: 6, while in Rhineland-Palatinate it is 1: 4 to 1: 5.
Are the children in crèches good?
The Professional Association of Paediatricians criticized the caring key in German nurseries in 2009. The groups are often too large and the professionals would have to take care of too many children at the same time (Ärztezeitung 3/2009).According to association, nursery groups should only accommodate a maximum of 12 children. An educator should have at most two children under the age of one, or three children between the ages of one and two, or four children between the ages of two and three.
Researchers found that children who attended a high quality educational crèche later showed slightly better linguistic and cognitive skills (Belsky et al., 2007). Also, they are often more assertive and more self-confident than children who have no nursery experience (Belsky et al., 2007). Unfortunately, according to the NUBBEK study, the quality of German crèches is usually mediocre (about 85%). Around 12% even received the rating ""bad"" and only 3, 2% were awarded high quality (Hoheisel 2014).
Compared to children cared for at home only, there were more frequent conflicts with teachers, more aggressive behavior, anxiety, depression and social problems among Nativity visitors - even in very good cribs.
Also, measurements of the stress hormone cortisol suggest that day-to-day nurseries pose a major challenge for young children (Vermeer and Ijzendorn 2006). Overall, research shows that high quality (eg, not too large groups, good caring support, empathetic childcare) in crèches and sensitive education and safe mother-child bonding are very important for children to meet the challenge of ""crib"" coping well.
Affected parents can ""cushion"" some of the crib's shortcomings if the child does not spend too many hours there. Also, a gentle acclimatization is an important cornerstone, so that the children go well in the facility.
In addition, the length of time that children spend in a daycare center plays an important role. For example, in a large study, more severe behavioral problems were observed after a weekly care period of more than 30 hours (NICHD 2003).
So, if you're wondering if caring for a baby in a crèche is the right thing to do, find out about the caregiver's key, the size of the group, the pedagogical direction, and the familiarization with the facility.
Also consider your child's temperament: is it very open, robust and adventurous, or rather shy and sensitive? Perhaps a more personal approach to a childminder is a good alternative for your child.
What different cribs are there?
Nativity scenes each have a porter - this can be a church, the city or even an association. The respective carrier usually also has an influence on the pedagogical orientation. Thus, in Christian nativity scenes, Christian holidays are often heavily debated, while urban institutions are more concerned with institutions of very different religions.
One interesting solution are parent initiatives: these are clubs in which the parents are, so to speak, the employers of the educators. This means more cooperation, for example through occasional gardening or cleaning missions and other services, but also more room for participation. The parents can help shape the care situation of their children and the atmosphere is often more familiar. In addition, the caregiver is often better and the diet more health-conscious than in public nurseries.Many cribs also work in certain pedagogical directions, such as Waldorf or Montessori pedagogy, Reggio pedagogy, or situational approaches. Here it is worthwhile to inquire at the respective crib or to read on the homepage and to consider whether the approach fits your own parenting style.
How Expensive is the Visit to a Nativity Scene?
The cost of the Nativity visit varies according to the place of residence. Some municipalities require the same amount from all parents, usually between 130 and 200 euros per month for a full-time job, while others stagger the fees according to the family income. In general, one can say: The cost of a day nursery can vary up to 500 euros - depending on how long the child is cared for, which concept is based and depending on the place and carrier.
Families with a particularly low income can apply for the full or partial remission of the fees - depending on the city at the youth welfare office or the economic youth welfare. Also the money for the meals - usually between 40 and 60 euro per month - can be taken over with low income within the achievements for education participation (further information gives the respective city administration, usually the youth welfare office or the Jobcenter).What's the best way to go?
Most towns and communities have a family service bureau, often with an internet presence where all cribs in the area can be found. You can also find out about registration procedures and deadlines there.The family service office is usually affiliated to the youth welfare office, which can convey on demand.
Do not wait too long with the search. Many cribs start with the selection process almost one year before the visit to the nursery!Sources
More staff in the day care!3/2009. Behncke, Burghard. Early Childhood Stress in Third-Party Care - and its Long Term Consequences.
. Belsky et al ... Are there long-term effects of early child care?
, Child Dev. 2007 Mar-Apr; 78 (2): 681 701. Hoheisel, Miriam. Early education for little heads.
, Berlin: VAMV 2014. News4teachers. Kindergarten fees vary from place to place
. Laewen, Hans-Joachim. Infants can be under constant stress.
, kindergarten today 1/2014. Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport of the State of Brandenburg. Country overview Kita: Personalstandards
. NICHD Early Child Care Research Network. Does socioemotional adjustment during the transition to kindergarten?
Child Development 2003; 74 (4): 976-1005. Vermeer and Ijzendorn. Children's elevated cortisol levels at daycare: A review and meta-analysis.
Early Childhood Research Quarterly 21 2006, 390-401. Textor, Martin. Nurseries - Necessity, Distribution, Genesis.
Wagner, Antje. On the status of early childhood education, upbringing and care in day care centers.
International approaches and results of impact research. Wedtstein Hömig. creche.
in: Lexicon Childhood Education. Show sources Hide sources